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This pamphlet consists of a letter from Mesmer to a Doctor Philip with comments added by Bacher. His monumental nine-volume Monde primitif — was a virtual encyclopedia of studies in comparative linguistics. He passionately appeals for a serious study of that system and indicates the directions that study might take. In animal magnetism he believed he had discovered the true basis for that science. Paris: Imprimerie Royale, , 15 pp.
Presented as a courtesy to the members of the Academy of Sciences which had been commissioned by the king to investigate animal magnetism.
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This brief report was intended to give them an account of some of the experiences which the commissioners had during their investigation. It is considerably shorter than the official report see entry number Paris: Imprimerie Royale, , 66 pp. In the spring of the King of France appointed this commission made up of members of the Academy of Sciences to investigate the claims of animal magnetism.
He chose some of the most eminent men of science of his day. The chairman was Benjamin Franklin — , a founding father of the United States of America, ambassador of that country to France, and a person highly knowledgeable in electricity and terrestrial magnetism. The secretary of the commission and editor of its report was the famous astronomer Jean Sylvain Bailly — The commission also included the director of the Academy of Sciences, Jean Baptiste Leroy — , an investigator of electricity of some note.
The fifth member of the commission was the physician de Bory, about which nothing is known today. The commission began its investigations on March 12, , and published its report in August of that year. They contended that theory made no difference to their mandate, which was to decide about the existence and utility of animal magnetism. Their conclusion was that they found no evidence for the existence of an animal magnetic fluid. This secret report by the Franklin commission was not published at the time of the public report. It was presented privately to the King of France and appeared for the first time in print in see entry number A summary of cures through animal magnetism attested to by the magnetizer that performed them or by the patient who had been cured.
The cures were in many cases not described with the detail needed to judge the effectiveness of the treatment. Amsterdam: n. The pronouncement of a group of Bordeaux freemasons concerning their views on mesmerism. They were at first orthodox members of the Bordeaux Lodge of Harmony founded to teach animal magnetism. However, in they broke away for a brief period, but were soon returned to the fold.
Paris: Brunet, , 59 pp. Two plays staged in Paris in Mesmer, par M. Bergasse, along with Kornmann, helped Mesmer found the Society of Harmony of Paris, the first of many which would take on members for a fee to teach them the doctrine and techniques of animal magnetism. Bergasse delivered lectures to the members of the Paris Society, and these lectures were distilled into the content of the present book.
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Within a year after the publication of the book, Mesmer and Bergasse publicly ended their association. Paris: Gastellier, , 24 pp. A satirical work written by Bergasse and published anonymously. It is aimed at those physicians who condemned animal magnetism. Paris: n. Composed in a format that reminds one of certain alchemical texts, the work presents text and symbols according to a code that only the initiated could understand. Attributed to the physician Bombay, the book contains descriptions of the use of physical objects as repositories of magnetism which can be used to treat the ill.
In this category are trees, tubs of water, and the baquet as devised by Mesmer. The author tells how to impart magnetic fluid to these objects. The preeminent magnetizer of Lyon at the time of the report of the Franklin Commission, the physician Bonnefoy strongly criticized the report using, among other things, arguments drawn from the electrical science of the day.
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Lettres de M. Geneva and Paris: Couturier, , 87 pp. Brussels: n. Written by the physician Bouvier of Versailles, the work defends the reality of animal magnetism and its effectiveness as a cure. Bouvier himself used animal magnetism successfully in his medical practice. Vienna and Paris: Royez, , 32 pp. Brack was a physician who wrote a number of pamphlets against Mesmer and animal magnetism. In this work he provides interesting information about the foundation of magnetic Societies of Harmony in Paris and the provinces.
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Madrid and Paris: n. One of a number of pamphlets written by the physician Brack against animal magnetism. The first edition of this work is not known to be extant and reference to a Spanish original seems to be a literary fiction. Brissot, a French revolutionary, social critic and theoretician, believed that animal magnetism could serve as a means of achieving social reform.
In this work, among other things, he writes of how animal magnetism could make the rich more human and concerned about the poor. Written by an antiquarian and supporter of Mesmer.
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Soissons: n. An important and very rare document in the history of animal magnetism that contains, among other items, a letter written by a M. Dampierre was a theologian, magistrate, and president of the parliament of Bourgogne. A member of the mystical Lyons school of freemasons, he developed a philosophy of animal magnetism that viewed it as an aid to the healing and social evolution taking place according to hidden laws of nature. The second type of crisis is that produced by suggestive individuals, when being magnetized, through imitation and the action of imagination—this being a useless and even harmful type of crisis.
The third type is the crisis produced through fear upon seeing another person in the throes of a violent crisis—this also being a harmful type of crisis. The fourth type of crisis is that produced by the action of animal magnetism in susceptible persons who have a strong desire to remain in the state of crisis—this type being dangerous to the patient.
Since none of these crises leads, with the possible exception of the first, to a fruitful conclusion, Dampierre and his colleagues at Lyons sought an alternate, positive healing crisis. Dampierre believed that the crises most often produced by animal magnetism as practiced by those who used the techniques of Mesmer were of the harmful type described. He considered these crises to be embarrassing and obscene for the patient and narcissistically flattering for the magnetizer. This Lyons brand of Freemason animal magnetism was as such strongly oriented towards the occult worldview of the magical tradition of the West.
Observations sur les deux rapports de MM.
A critique of the report of the commissioners charged with examining animal magnetism. He condemns their prohibition of the practice of animal magnetism and says it is unenforceable.
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Paris : n. Devillers was a member of the very active lodge of Freemasons of Lyon. When its members took sides on the issue of animal magnetism in , he supported the opposition. He attempts to show that the power of imagination is sufficient explanation. Turin: Jean Michel Briolo, , 80 pp. He held a somewhat unusual attitude toward magnetism: he believed magnetism was an important medical tool and used it himself, but was not sure that it was all that the theory claimed to be.
Remarques sur la conduite du sieur Mesmer et de son commis le P. The purpose of this pamphlet is to destroy the credibility of Hervier and his cure by Mesmer through animal magnetism. Like the first leaflet, this one was tossed to the audience during a performance. Glasgow and Paris: Prault, , 27 pp. Bordeaux: Bergeret, , 69 pp. The letter also contains a number of criticisms of the way animal magnetism was being practiced in Paris. Bailly avec celles de M. Paris and Philadelphia: Pierre J.
In the first part of this defence of Mesmer and animal magnetism, Gallert de Montjoie tries to find points of rapprochement between Mesmer and the astronomer Bailly. He then compares the ideas of Mesmer to those of Descartes and Newton, siding with Newton against Bailly in his view of matter and motion. In the second part, Gallert de Montjoie takes up the report of the Franklin commission, devoting considerable space to the issue of the place of the imagination in the action of animal magnetism.
He examines the place of the will in the action of the magnetic fluid, stating that it is principally by the will that the fluid is directed and that it is involved in magnetization at a distance.
A treatise on animal magnetism by a man who experimented with electricity as a medical aid. He accepted the reality of the effects of animal magnetism, but believed that imagination was probably the principal cause. Paris: Bouillon, , 24 pp. A letter in favor of animal magnetism.
Morlaix: n. Geneva: n. Gilbert was a highly reputable physician and professor of medicine. Among other things he was known for his opposition to all forms of quackery in medicine, having written extensively on the subject. In this treatise he attests to the genuineness of the healing effects of animal magnetism, which he had repeatedly witnessed with his own eyes.
However, as a strong believer in the healing powers of nature, he is sympathetic with the practice of animal magnetism. London and Paris: Royez, , 36 pp. A second set of comments continuing observations started in the first see entry number London and Paris: Gastellier, , pp. Hervier expresses his enthusiasm for animal magnetism, the result of the healing that it had accomplished for him personally.